Atropa belladonna bibliography

Albrile, E., 2009. Daēvica enteogena. Rivista degli studi orientali, 82(1/4), pp.263-274.
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Bekkouche, K. et al., 2001. Calystegine distribution in some solanaceous species. Phytochemistry, 58(3), pp.455-462.Abstract: The distribution of eight calystegines (A3, A5, B1, B2, B3, B4, C1 and N1) and their content was investigated by gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (GC-MS) in Datura metel, Atropa belladonna, Hyoscyamus albus, Mandragora autumnalis, Solanum sodomaeum, Withania somnifera and Brunfelsia nitida. The most frequently encountered calystegines were A3, B1, B2 and B3, while distribution of N1 and C1 was more limited. In all the investigated samples, calystegines A5 and B4 were never detected. This report focuses for the first time on calystegines in Withania and Brunfelsia genera and in Mandragora autumnalis and Solanum sodomaeum species. © 2001 Published by Elsevier Science Ltd.
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Colacino, C. et al., 2013. Nuove segnalazioni per la brioflora della Basilicata. Informatore Botanico Italiano, 45(2), pp.209-212.
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Conolly, A., 1994. Castles and Abbeys in Wales: Refugia for 'Mediaeval' Medicinal plants. Medicinal plants and herbals, 46(4), pp.628-636.Abstract: The restriction to the walls and immediate vicinity of Welsh castles, abbeys and other ancient settlement of a group of species known to have medicinal properties, coupled with the absence of these species from apparently suitable intervening terrain, suggests relict status from former cultivation
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Eich., E., 2008. Chapter 2: Secondary Metabolites Derived from Fatty Acids and Carbohydrates.,
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Leto, C. et al., 2013. Ethnobotanical study in the Madonie Regional Park (Central Sicily, Italy) - Medicinal use of wild shrub and herbaceous plant species. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 146(1), pp.90-112. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2012.11.042.Abstract: Ethnopharmacological relevance: This paper illustrates the results of an ethnobotanical study carried out in the Madonie Regional Park (Central Sicily, Italy). It specifies the medicinal uses of plants in the study area and contains the results of a quantitative analysis carried out for the first time in an area noted for its high degree of biodiversity. It also introduces 28 species not previously accounted for in the area of study for their medicinal uses, highlighting Silene flos-cuculi L. Greuter & Burdet, little known as medicinal in the Mediterranean area. Aim of the study: To understand to what extent current knowledge on medicinal-use plants is still an element of the culture within the elderly population of the Madonie Regional Park. Methodology: The information was obtained using a semi-structured interview format performed on 150 informants over the age of 60 who were considered experts in plants and rural traditions. The taxa were identified and the results were analysed also using a range of quantitative ethnobotanical indices. Results: A census was made of 174 wild plant species, 100 of which with medicinal and veterinary uses, belonging to 49 botanical families. Of the 170 endemic species found in the Madonie Regional Park, only 2 species were cited in this study for medicinal purposes. Most of the species were used against dermatological diseases, general health and metabolic disorders. The leaves were the most-used parts of the plant and the most common preparation methods were decoction and infusion. The level of knowledge on medicinal uses of the plants was not found to be high within the elderly population, demonstrating an ongoing process of cultural erosion. Conclusions: Only very few medicinal uses are widely known by all the informants and, on many occasions, a specific medicinal use was cited by only very few people. Further study is required in order to find out to what extent knowledge on the medicinal use of plants is still present in the younger generations in this area of Sicily, and what methods might be adopted in order to halt this gradual loss in knowledge. © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
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Perveen, A. & Qaiser, M., 2007. POLLEN MORPHOLOGY OF FAMILY SOLANACEAE FROM PAKISTAN Materials and Methods University Herbarium ( KUH ) or from fresh specimens collected from the field . Pakistan Journal of Botany, 39(7), pp.2243-2256.Abstract: Pollen morphology of 20 species representing 7 genera viz., Datura, Lycium, Hyoscymus, Nicotiana, Physalis, Solanum and Withania of the family Solanaceae from Pakistan has been examined by light and scanning electron microscope. Solanaceae is a eurypalynous family. Pollen grains usually radially symmetrical, isopolar, prolate-spheroidal to oblate-spheroidal or sub-oblate to sub-prolate, tricolporate, colpi generally with costae, colpal membrane psilate to sparsely or densely granulated, ora la-longate, sexine as thick as nexine, or slightly thicker or thinner than nexine. Tectal surface commonly scabrate to verrucate or striate to reticulate rarely rugulate- fossulate. On the basis of exine pattern 6 distinct pollen types are recognized viz., Datura fastuosa- type, Lycium dasytemum-type, Nicotiana plumbaginifolia-type, Physalis divaricata-type, Solanum nigrum-type and Withania somnifera-type. Pollen morphology of the family is significantly helpful at the generic and specific level.
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Rişcuţa, N.C. & Marc, A.T., 2015. Cultic Discoveries from Late Bronze Age Settlement from Şoimuş – Teleghi. In N. C. Rişcuţa, Ferencz, I. V., & Bărbat, O. T., eds. Proceedings of the symposium on Religion and Magic. Cluj-Napoca: EDITURA MEGA, pp. 139-170.
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Rubel, W. & Arora, D., 2008. A study of cultural bias in field guide determinations of mushroom edibility using the iconic mushroom, Amanita muscaria, as an example. Economic Botany, 62(3), pp.223-243.Abstract: A Study of Cultural Bias in Field Guide Determinations of Mushroom Edibility Using the Iconic Mushroom, Amanita muscaria, as an Example. Mushroom field guides teach identif- ication skills as well as provide information on the edible or toxic qualities of each species of wild mushroom. As such they function as modern-day village elders for an increasingly urban, nature-ignorant population. This paper identifies underlying cultural bias in the determination of mushroom edibility in English-language field guides, using the iconic mushroom, Amanita muscaria, as an example. We explore a selection of ethnographic and medical texts that report the use of A. muscaria as a food, and we accept parboiling as a safe method of detoxifying it for the dinner table. Mushroom field guides, however, almost universally label the mushroom as poisonous. We discuss the cultural underpinnings and literary form of mushroom field guides and demonstrate that they work within a mostly closed intellectual system that ironically shares many of the same limitations of cultural bias found in traditional folk cultures, but with the pretense of being modern and scientific
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Smith, D.N., 2013. Defining an indicator package to allow identification of 'cesspits' in the archaeological record. Journal of Archaeological Science, 40(1), pp.526-543.Abstract: This paper summarises the insect, plant macrofossil and other environmental evidence from a large number of deposits, thought to be cesspits, at a range of archaeological sites. A potential 'indicator package' (sensu Kenward and Hall, 1997), consisting of a range of biological materials and archaeological artefacts, is outlined which should allow a more accurate identification of cesspits in the archaeological record enhancing further studies of the rich evidence often preserved in them. ?? 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
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Toderaş, M. et al., 2009. Pietrele-Mǎgura Gorgana: O aşezare eneoliticǎ la Dunǎrea de Jos între 4500 şi 4250 î.e.n. MATERIALE ŞI CERCETĂRI ARHEOLOGICE (serie nouă), 5, pp.39-90.Abstract: ∗ Schlüsselwörter: Kupferzeit, Tellsiedlung, Kreisgrabenan- lage, Skelettreste, Geophysik, Geoelektrik, Archäobotanik, Archäozoologie, Radiometrie, spezialisiertes Handwerk, soziale Organisation, Rekonstruktion der Umweltbedingungen. Zusammenfassung: Seit 2002 wird die kupferzeitliche Siedlung Măgura Gorgana bei Pietrele an der Unteren Donau erforscht. Die Grabung ist ein Gemeinschaftsunternehmen der Eurasien-Abteilung des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts, des Archäologischen Instituts „Vasile Pârvan” der Rumä- nischen Akademie und dem Institut für Physische Geographie der „Johann Wolfgang Goethe” Universität in Frankfurt a. M. Ziel der Grabungen ist es, Beiträge zur Chronologie der Gumelniţa-Kultur, zur Hausarchitektur und Siedlungsorga- nisation und den wirtschaftlichen Strategien der Bewohner in der zweiten Hälfte des 5. Jahrtausends zu erarbeiten. Im Zuge der Ausgrabungen wurden geomagnetische Unter- suchungen auf dem Tell sowie in dessen Umgebung durchgeführt. Die im Magnetogramm sichtbaren Häuserzeilen auf dem Siedlungshügel konnten durch die Grabung bestätigt werden. Neu war die Entdeckung einer ausgedehnten Besiedlung um den Wohnhügel. Auch ein Gräberfeld mit ca. 50 Bestattungen konnte im Westen des Tells identifiziert werden. Schließlich wurde auf Corona Satellitenbildern in der unmittelbaren Umgebung des Tells eine Kreisgrabenanlage entdeckt. Eine geomagnetische Messung ergab die Existenz von drei konzentrischen Gräben. Die Siedlung war wesentlich größer als bislang für Siedlungen der Gumelniţa-Kultur angenommen wurde. Die Vielzahl der durch die Ausgrabung auf dem Tell nachgewiesenen spezialisierten Tätigkeiten ist vor dem Hintergrund einer deutlich größeren Einwohnerzahl plausibel zu erklären. Vor allem die Entdeckung der ausgedehnten „Außensiedlung“ führt zu einem Bündel von Fragen, welche die Rolle des Wohnhügels und seiner Bewohner betreffen und das bisherige Bild kupferzeitlicher Tellsiedlungen grundlegend revidieren werden. Darüber hinaus konnten durch die fluvialmorphologischen Untersuchungen weitreichende neue Erkenntnisse zur Entwicklung der Aue und des fluvialen Systems im Raum Pietrele gewonnen werden. Die Bohrungen und geophysikali- ∗ Meda Toderaş: Institutul de Arheologie „Vasile Pârvan”, Bucureşti; Svend Hansen, Agathe Reingruber: Deutsches Archäologisches Institut, Berlin; Jürgen Wunderlich: Institut für Physische Geographie, Universität Frankfurt a. M. Mulţumim lui Tudor şi Alina Soroceanu pentru traducerea unor pasaje în limba română. schen Messungen im Umfeld des Tells zeigten aber auch, dass mit den Sedimenten der Überflutungsebene sowie den Böden und Bodensedimenten (Kolluvien) auf den angrenzenden Talhängen hervorragende Archive vorliegen, die fundierte Aussagen zum Nutzungspotenzial einerseits und zu Auswirkungen der seit dem Neolithikum zunehmenden Siedlungstätigkeit und Landnutzung auf den Landschaftshaus- halt andererseits gestatten. Cuvinte cheie: epoca cuprului, aşezare tip tell, amenajare cu şanţ circular, oseminte umane, geofizică, măsurători geoelectrice, arheobotanică, arheozoologie, radiometrie, specializare meşteşugărească, organizare socială, reconstruirea mediului înconjurător. Rezumat: Noile cercetări de pe tell-ul eneolitic „Măgura Gorgana”, lângă satul Pietrele la Dunărea de Jos au început în anul 2002, printr-un proiect de colaborare între Institutul German de Arheologie, Secţia Eurasia, Institutul de Arheologie „Vasile Pârvan” al Academiei Române şi Institutul de Geografie Fizică al Universităţii „Johann Wolfgang Goethe” din Frankfurt a.M. Scopul cercetărilor este obţinerea de informaţii asupra cronologiei culturii Gumelniţa, asupra arhitecturii clă- dirilor, a organizării aşezării, cât şi asupra strategiilor economice şi a folosirii spaţiului de către locuitorii din a doua jumătate al mileniului V î.e.n. În cadrul săpăturilor au putut fi întreprinse cercetări geo- magnetice pe tell precum şi în imediata apropiere a acestuia. Şirurile de clădiri de pe colină, vizibile în magnetogram, au fost verificate prin săpături. Neaşteptată a fost identificarea unei aşezări întinse la poalele tell-ului şi a unei necropole cu cel puţin 50 de morminte, la vest de tell. Pe o imagine de satelit Corona din 1967 a fost vizibilă o amenajare cu şanţ circular. Prospecţiunea geomagnetică a confirmat existenţa a trei şanţuri concentrice. Aşezarea a fost, deci, cu mult mai mare decât s-a presupus iniţial. Pluralitatea activităţilor specializate, documentate pe tell, sugerează existenţa unei populaţii mult mai numeroase. Descoperirea aşezării întinse din jurul tell-lui ridică o nouă serie de întrebări privind rolul aşezării de pe colină precum şi al locuitorilor săi şi va contribui la o revizuire fundamentală a imaginii asupra aşezărilor eneolitice de tip tell. Cercetările fluvial-morfologice au dus la o nouă cunoaştere a dezvoltării luncii Dunării şi a sistemului fluvial din zona Pietrele. Forajele şi măsurătorile geofizice din jurul tell-ului au arătat că prin sedimentele din zona inundabilă precum şi prin solurile şi sedimentele (coluviile) de pe terasele adiacente se află la îndemână arhive remarcabile, care permit afirmaţii fundamentate atât asupra potenţialului de folosinţă al spaţiului, dar şi asupra impactului uman asupra gospodăririi ţinutului, intensificat ulterior epocii neolitice.
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Waniak, J., 2007. Mandragora and Belladonna - the Names of Two Magic Plants. Studia Linguistica Universitatis Iagellonicae Cracoviensis, 124.
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de Smet, P.A.G.M., 1986. Ritual enemas and snuffs in the Americas. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 16(2-3), pp.323-325. Available at: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/0378874186900978.
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